Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Machu Picchu

The ancient city of Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu, in translation - the "old peak"), as claimed by some archaeologists to have been founded the Inca ruler Pachacutec. The city was built as the residence of the ruler of a hundred years before the conquest of his empire, around 1440. In 1532 the Inca Empire was invaded the Spanish conquerors. That same year, residents of the city mysteriously disappeared.

More than 400 years the city was abandoned. The city was re-opened about a hundred years ago. July 24, 1911 the city was found by an American researcher from Yale University professor Hiram Bingham.

The city is located on the territory of modern Peru at the top of the ridge at an altitude of 2450 meters above sea level, dominating the valley of the Urubamba River.