Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Perito Moreno Glacier

Perito Moreno - is a huge block of ice, Kotra constantly cracking and crunching. Around him organized park, with paths for long walks (in October 2008, most of the tracks have been built). This is the main attraction of the park. The glacier is located near the tiny tourist town of El Calafate (EC - a local berry). Very pretty town, a few wooden buildings create a very cozy atmosphere. Locals say that the winter here is very hard - withering icy wind. While the image of penguins surrounding tourist, as in Cuba - Che Guevara, to the penguins still fly and fly.

its age is about 30000 years. The most delightful of the Perito Moreno glacier is named in honor of the 19 th century explorer, who discovered him. Under the weight of snow in the ice grains is not air, so that the glacier is transparent blue.
This icy river, Perito Moreno Glacier, can every day to move up to 450 meters per year.  The movement of the glacier Perito Moreno, every few years, blocking the natural flow path Rica in the lake Lago Argentino. On the one hand, the accumulating mass of water increase the normal water level by 20-35 meters. Ultimately, however, water pressure crushes the ice and when the water breaks, Perito Moreno is a stunner. The spectacle may last from several hours to several days.

At this time, tranquil lake turns into a stormy sea. "Huge chunks of ice larger than the 15-store buildings are breaking away from the glacier wall and with a deafening roar severed in the water", - said in televised documentary film "La kuerra del yelo". The unusual phenomenon of nature to cause a huge influx of tourists in the National Park of Argentina, Los Glaciares National Park. Tens of thousands of tourists watch the impressive spectacle of the collapse of the glacier Perito Moreno. 'Everyone admires, seeing this wonderful phenomenon of the natural disaster. This miracle of nature declared UNESCO world heritage of mankind.

Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Ecuador Sightseeings

The relative cheapness of food and rapidly growing market of tourist services make Ecuador an attractive country for tourism. In a charming, slightly elongated plain at an altitude of 2800 m, is located the capital of Ecuador - Quito - one of the most colorful cities in Latin America. It comprises many cultures and traditions. Most clearly seen in Architecture - Spain, Holland and even pre-Columbian architectural motifs create a wonderful mixture of the 2 eras. In modern buildings of the American Quarter adjoin the narrow streets of the Latin, with beautiful chapels, churches, monasteries, houses of stone and mud brick. Just need to visit the Independenc e Square, near the Presidential Palace, admire the monasteries of La Compagnia, San Francisco and San Diego, visit the Museum of Colonial Art, which contains the magnificent works of the masters of South America - picture Guyasamina Osvaldo Oswaldo Viteri and Olga Fish.

It is impossible not to visit the Natural History Museum and the Museum of Archaeology, where you make a fascinating journey into the past, see the collection of blood vessels, arrowheads from El Inga, dating from the 10th millennium BC, as well as the magnificent conical vessels - aribalos "period of Inca (1450 - 1534 years.). The art of the era preceding the Inca era, most pronounced in the figure of La Tolita (500 BC - 500 AD) and Valdivia - the oldest in America. Walk "Chiva Don Otto (" Chiva "- is the name of the old nation-wide public bus) - the sounds of folk music, you ride through the narrow streets of Lower City, try a hot drink of cinnamon - kanelazo, traditional sweets and snacks.

Walk to "Chiva" - a taste of night life of colonial Kito. Just 15 minutes away to the north of the capital is the equator, there is the Museum of Ethnography and Culture "middle world", the picturesque ruins of the Inca Rumicho and a fantastic view of the crater Pululaha. The most common routes: Quito - Guayaquil - Galapagos Islands and Quito - the neighborhood of the volcano Chimborazo, Nat. Park Sangay, Inca pyramids, mountain steppe highlands of the Andes, diving on the Pacific coast. Cuenca - cobbled streets of the city perfectly complemented by artfully cast vignettes balconies, traditional jewelry, handicrafts items confirm the ancient culture of the natives.

Magnificent cathedral, the convent buildings and museums will not leave you indifferent, as well as the city's landmarks - the river Tomebamba beautifully envelope of old houses. Not far from Cuenca is a wonderful place - El Kayasy - Country 200 lakes and lagoons, and a relic of an ancient culture - Ingapirca, traditional political and religious center Kanyaris, later turned into a ceremonial Inca castle and fortification. In the north-east of the town are picturesque villages and Gualaseo Horteleg, known for its artists and artisans. Here you can purchase artfully constructed "Panama", traditional textiles and ceramics. One of the most beautiful places in Ecuador, the area around the volcano Chimborazo (altitude 6310 m). Here goes Expresso Metropolitan "- one of the highest railway in the world, which is laid past the cliffs of the mountains. The train moves at a speed of 50 - 60 km / h. and rises to the top of the mountain for 8 hours (by car is much faster). From the roof of the train, specially equipped for the journey, a wonderful view. At Indian small markets at Ecuador you will find a variety of goods and crafty artisan crafts, rightly considered the best in America. Some Indian markets are not like the others, Otavalo Indian market is quite different from the Indian market Sakuisili, Zumbahua or Cáñar.

Marvel at the variety you a variety of products with an indelible imprint of the oldest in the Americas culture. Ecuador owned by the world-famous Galapagos, Ecuador's main tourist attraction. Educated as a result of volcanic activity and reminding spray congealed lava in the ocean, the islands abound with amazing beaches softest sand, olive, white and black, creating a unique landscape. On some islands you will see the red mangroves and acacia, the other - cacti and tropical plants. Underwater a diverse, there are more than 400 kinds of various fish and plants most bizarre coloring. It is a paradise for divers - in the waters of the archipelago inhabited by sea lions, penguins, dolphins, sharks, whales, and many other representatives outlandish fauna. In fact, the archipelago reign iguanas and giant tortoises - the most ancient reptiles planet. The country has the most favorable conditions for the trip to the jungle. In the national park "Oriente", 2 reserves and eight protected areas, are equipped with hiking trails and parking. According to one of the tributaries of the Amazon, Napo River, you can make a memorable trip in a real Indian canoe or boat.

Tuesday, June 1, 2010

Chimborazo volcano - the most distant point from the center of the planet

Chimborazo - an extinct volcano, which at one time stormed so that it became the highest point in modern Ecuador. And also - the main convexity of the planet, more precisely - the ice edge.

What do you think, what a mountain on Earth - the highest?

The most popular opinion - Qomolangma. That if we assume the height of peaks above sea level. (Yes, and then from time to time something here and there pop-up messages that K2, the world's second summit on the classical system, Everest ahead of a few meters - competition awful).

Looking at the mountain to the naked eye, simply tossing his head, and take the height from the base of the mountain to the summit - the highest you can recognize Ararat or McKinley (it depends on how you count). If included in the calculations and that part of the mountain, which is under water, the result is the highest mountain - Mauna Kea. This mountain is standing right at the bottom of the Pacific, and the waves looks only to its top.

But what if we assume the height of the mountain starting not from the earth, not to sea level and not even from the bottom of the sea, and from the center of the Earth?

In this case, the result is the world's highest peak located in Ecuador. And it is called - Volcano Chimborazo. It is at its peak is the most distant point from the center of the Earth.

This long-extinct volcano. Supposedly, its last eruption took another 2 or 3 thousand years ago.

The height of this mountain - 6384 meters. This is a mountain - an incredible heights by European standards. But to the Himalayas it is still far away. Being a same distance from the center of the planet she helped by the fact that the Earth is not the ideal sphere. And Chimborazo was lucky too in the right place it is located.

A volcano in the Andes, in the middle of Ecuador, even nearby, just 150 kilometers from the capital Quito.

At this point the mountains stretch from 2 to 4 thousand meters high. And among them the majestic tip of 2500 meters stands Chimborazo. The top of it covered with perpetual ice.